The Army’s Birthday: 14 June 1775 and Flag Day: 14June 1777

Discussion in 'Off-Topic' started by Paladin06, Jun 14, 2016.

  1. Paladin06

    Paladin06 Have Guns Will Travel Staff Member Hellcat Car Club Gold Supporting Member

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    All,

    Today we proudly celebrate the 241st birthday of the Army and the 239th birthday of the National Colors.

    In honor of these two great occasions I offer you three items to reflect:


    1. The Army’s Birthday: 14 June 1775

    When the American Revolution broke out, the rebellious colonies did not possess an army in the modern sense. Rather, the revolutionaries fielded an amateur force of colonial troops, cobbled together from various New England militia companies. They had no unified chain of command, and although Artemas Ward of Massachusetts exercised authority by informal agreement, officers from other colonies were not obligated to obey his orders. The American volunteers were led, equipped, armed, paid for, and supported by the colonies from which they were raised.

    In the spring of 1775, this “army” was about to confront British troops near Boston, Massachusetts. The revolutionaries had to re-organize their forces quickly if they were to stand a chance against Britain’s seasoned professionals. Recognizing the need to enlist the support of all of the American seaboard colonies, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress appealed to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia to assume authority for the New England army. Reportedly, at John Adams’ request, Congress voted to “adopt” the Boston troops on June 14, although there is no written record of this decision. Also on this day, Congress resolved to form a committee “to bring in a draft of rules and regulations for the government of the Army,” and voted $2,000,000 to support the forces around Boston, and those at New York City. Moreover, Congress authorized the formation of ten companies of expert riflemen from Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, which were directed to march to Boston to support the New England militia.

    George Washington received his appointment as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army the next day, and formally took command at Boston on July 3, 1775.

    John R. Maass
    Historian
    US Army Center of Military History

    2. History Of The American Flag2. History of the American Flag

    History of the Flag | American Flag Facts | National Flag

    The United States Flag is the third oldest of the National Standards of the world; older than the Union Jack of Britain or the Tricolor of France.

    The flag was first authorized by Congress June 14, 1777. This date is now observed as Flag Day throughout America.

    The flag was first flown from Fort Stanwix, on the site of the present city of Rome, New York, on August 3, 1777. It was first under fire for three days later in the Battle of Oriskany, August 6, 1777.

    It was first decreed that there should be a star and a stripe for each state, making thirteen of both; for the states at the time had just been erected from the original thirteen colonies.

    The colors of the Flag may be thus explained: The red is for valor, zeal and fervency; the white for hope purity, cleanliness of life, and rectitude of conduct; the blue, the color of heaven, for reverence to God, loyalty, sincerity, justice and truth.

    The star (an ancient symbol of India, Persia and Egypt) symbolized dominion and sovereignty, as well as lofty aspirations. The constellation of the stars within the union, one star for each state, is emblematic of our Federal Constitution, which reserves to the States their individual sovereignty except as to rights delegated by them to the Federal Government.

    The symbolism of the Flag was thus interpreted by Washington: “We take the stars from Heaven, the red from our mother country, separating it by white stripes, thus showing that we have separated from her, and the white stripes shall go down to posterity representing Liberty.”

    In 1791, Vermont, and in 1792, Kentucky were admitted to the Union and the number of stars and stripes was raised to fifteen in correspondence. As other states came into the Union it became evident there would be too many stripes. So in 1818 Congress enacted that the number of stripes be reduced and restricted henceforth to thirteen representing the thirteen original states; while a star should be added for each succeeding state. That law is the law of today.

    The name “Old Glory” was given to our National Flag August 10, 1831, by Captain William Driver of the brig Charles Doggett.

    The Flag was first carried in battle at the Brandywine, September 11, 1777. It first flew over foreign territory January 28, 1778, at Nassau, Bahama Islands; Fort Nassau having been captured by the American in the course of the war for independence. The first foreign salute to the flag was rendered by the French Admiral LaMotte Piquet, off Quiberon Bay, February 13, 1778.

    The United States Flag is unique in the deep and noble significance of its message to the entire world, a message of national independence, of individual liberty, of idealism, of patriotism.

    It symbolizes national independence and popular sovereignty. It is not the Flag of a reigning family or royal house, but of 300 million free people welded into a Nation, one and inseparable, united not only by community of interest, but by vital unity of sentiment and purpose; a Nation distinguished for the clear individual conception of its citizens alike of their duties and their privileges, their obligations and their rights.

    It incarnates for all mankind the spirit of Liberty and the glorious ideal of human Freedom; not the freedom of unrestraint or the liberty of license, but an unique ideal of equal opportunity for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, safeguarded by the stern and lofty principles of duty, of righteousness and of justice, and attainable by obedience to self-imposed laws.

    Floating from lofty pinnacle of American Idealism, it is a beacon of enduring hope, like the famous Bartholdi Statue of Liberty enlightening the World to the oppressed of all lands. It floats over a wondrous assemblage of people from every racial stock of the earth whose united hearts constitute an indivisible and invincible force for the defense and succor of the downtrodden.

    It embodies the essence of patriotism. Its spirit is the spirit of the American nation. Its history is the history of the American people. Emblazoned upon its folds in letters of living light are the names and fame of our heroic dead, the Fathers of the Republic who devoted upon its altars their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor. Twice told tales of National honor and glory cluster thickly about it. Ever victorious, it has emerged triumphant from eight great National conflicts. It flew at Saratoga, at Yorktown, at Palo Alto, at Gettysburg, at Manila Bay, at Chateau-Thierry, at Iwo Jima. It bears witness to the immense expansion of our national boundaries, the development of our natural resources, and the splendid structure of our civilization. It prophesies the triumph of popular government, of civic and religious liberty and of national righteousness throughout the world.

    The flag first rose over thirteen states along the Atlantic seaboard, with a population of some three million people. Today it flies over fifty states, extending across the continent, and over great islands of the two oceans; and three hundred million owe it allegiance. It has been brought to this proud position by love and sacrifice. Citizens have advanced it and heroes have died for it. It is the sign made visible of the strong spirit that has brought liberty and prosperity to the people of America. It is the flag of all us alike. Let us accord it honor and loyalty.

    And finally; thanks to my brothers and Sojourners:

    3. A Toast to the Flag:

    "A TOAST TO THE FLAG"

    (c) by John Jay Daly
    of Washington, D. C. (1888-1976)

    Here's to the Red of it –

    There's not a thread of it,
    No, nor a shred of it
    In all the spread of it,
    From foot to head
    But heroes bled for it,
    Faced steel and lead for it,
    Precious blood shed for it,
    Bathing it Red!

    Here's to the White of it –

    Thrilled by the sight of it,
    Who knows the right of it
    But feels the might of it
    Through day and night?
    Womanhood's care for it
    Made manhood dare for it;
    Purity's pray'r for it
    Keeps it so White!

    Here's to the Blue of it –

    Beauteous view of it,
    Heavenly hue of it,
    Star-spangled dew of it
    Constant and true;
    Diadems gleam for it,

    States stand Supreme for it
    Liberty's beam for it
    Brightens the Blue!

    Here's to the Whole of it –

    Stars, stripes and pole of it,
    Body and soul of it,
    O, and the roll of it,
    Sun shining through;
    Hearts in accord for it
    Swear by the sword for it,
    Thanking the Lord for it,
    Red, White and Blue!


    Thank you and God Bless America and her Army!
     
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  2. april77

    april77 Naughty SheDevil Mod Staff Member Hellcat Car Club Gold Supporting Member HCC Charter Member

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    To everyone who has served, on this day, the 241st birthday of the Army, I would like to offer you a very sincere, Thank You.

    As we look at our beautiful flag, it is my hope that we will overcome all trials and adversities in these troubling times and emerge from the other side of the struggle stronger, prouder yet humbler, and with a true sense of appreciation for all that we have. The United States of America is not a perfect place, that is true, however, it is a great country, nonetheless. May God Bless America!

    Flag.jpeg


    April
     
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  3. graycat

    graycat Automobile Aficionado Extraordinaire Staff Member

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    GOOD POST!
     
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  4. solo7777

    solo7777 SRT Terminator Hellcat Car Club Western Regional President HCC Charter Member

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    Happy Birthday ARMY! Go ARMY! (from an Army vet)
     
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  5. graycat

    graycat Automobile Aficionado Extraordinaire Staff Member

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    Hey solo7777. Thanks for your service. What years where you in and what was your MOS?
     
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  6. solo7777

    solo7777 SRT Terminator Hellcat Car Club Western Regional President HCC Charter Member

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    1980-1986 31V Tactical communications systems operator/mechanic Fancy name for a radioman. Go Commo!
     
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  7. graycat

    graycat Automobile Aficionado Extraordinaire Staff Member

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    11C1V myself I was (Active) from 1988-1992 then in the IRR.

    We called the radio guy and anyone carrying a belt-fed anything a "Field Artillery Rocket Attractor" ;) (a.k.a. "Lead
    Magnet")
     
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  8. SoftKitty

    SoftKitty Gold Member

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    image.jpeg
     
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  9. speedycat

    speedycat VIP Hellcat Member

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    Thanks to ALL who serve and have served. Land of the Free because of the Brave.
     
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